BIO 110 Midterm Review Part I


Chapter ____________

  1. Know the definition of “Anatomy and physiology”?


  1. Know the planes i.e. what is the Plane that divides the body into Inferior and superior parts


  1. Know the different ;levels of organization i.e. What is the fourth level of the structural levels of organization in the body is:


  1. Know what is considered to be the correct anatomical position.


  1. Know what is the least and most complex unit that makes up the body is:


  1. Know what is anything that occupies space and has mass referred to as:


  1. Know the different types of compounds in living organisms:


  1. Know the different body cavities i.e. cavities that are in the dorsal cavity, organs in the dosal cavities etc.?
  2. Know definition of Homeostasis:
  3. Know what body parts pertains to the cephalic, cordal, superior etc.
  4. Know what is the most important characteristics of body structure referred to as:
  5. Know how many levels are there to the structural organization of living things?
  6. Know the structure that divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity is:
  7. Know the different body cavities of the body are the:
  8. Know how the major body cavities are categorized as:
  9. Know what the study of disease is referred to as:
  10. Know what the smallest functional unit in the body is referred to as:
  11. Know some examples of Cells:
  12. Know what self-initiated change in position is:

Chapter ______________

  1. Know what substances made of atoms that exist in nature re referred to as:
  2. Know what an acid is?
  3. Know what is the part of a solution that dissolves most compounds or solutes called:
  4. Know what makes plenty of H+ Ions, i.e. acid bases, solutes, proteins etc.
  5. Know what the basic unit of carbohydrate molecule is:
  6. Know what consists of molecules basic units called amino acids is: i.e.. protein, cholesterol, Lipids, Carbohydrates, etc.
  7. Know what best describes a chemical bond: i.e. Compounds that produce many OH- Ions, two or more molecules joined together , Compounds that forms ions when dissolved in water or The combination of atoms by an electrical force, etc.


  1. Know what produces many OH Ions? i.e. bases , acids, proteins, acids, etc.
  2. Know the the three main parts of the cell is:
  3. What does phagocytosis do:
  4. Synthesize protein
  5. inB. sur rounds the cell
  6. Interchange water and ion with the cell.
  7. Permits the cell to engulf and eat large particles.


Chapter ____________

  1. Know which transport process requires ATP
  2. Know the definition of diffusion is the movements of particles from:
  3. Know what supplies most power to cellular work:
  4. Know what ribosomes are in charge of:
  5. Know what is the double membrane that surrounds the cell called:

Chapter ____________:

  1. Know which is the most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body:
  2. Know where are epithelial tissue located:
  3. Know how Squamous cells are shaped:
  4. Know which is muscles are considered to be involuntary?
  5. Know which tissue has he highest capacity to regenerate

Chapter _____________

  1. Know what a group of organs that work together is referred to as:
  2. Know the structure made up of 2 or more kinds of tissue and is organized to perform a more complex function is referred to as:
  3. Know what body system the hypothalamus, Thyroid Gland, Adrenal Gland belongs to?
  4. Know what body system the nose, lungs and Trachea can be found:
  5. The Teeth, Tongue, Liver and appendix are what kind of organs?

Chapter ____________

  1. Objective abnormalities that can be seen or measured by someone other than patient is referred to as:
  2. Diseases with undetermined causes are said to be? The term that is used to describe this is:
  3. Collection of different signs and symptoms iis referred to as:
  4. Epidemics that spread throughout the world is referred to as:
  5. Intracellular parasites that consists of nucleic acid is referred to as:

Chapter _________________


  1. Know what are the three types of epithelial tissues membrane i.e. cutaneous, mucous and….what?
  2. What is only found on surfaces within closed cavities i.e.:Cutaneous, Epithelial, Epidermis, Serous membrane, etc.
  3. The outer layer of the skin is termed what?
  4. Skin that turns a bluish gray color if termed?
  5. A bedsore is what type of lesion?
  6. Know the layers of the skin:

Chapter ______________

  1. Know the thin layer that lines the medullary Cavity is called:
  2. Know what is the part where the two main stem bronchi separate referred to:
  3. Know what is considered to be the largest organ in the Body is:
  4. Know where does gas exchange take place:
  5. Know the thin layer surrounding cancellous Bone is called:
  6. Know the Hard bone matrix that are mature bone cells: i.e. osteons, dense, osteocytes, cartilage etc…
  7. Know what resembles and differs from bone: i.e.Compact, Cartilage, Lacuna, Sponay Bone etc.
  8. Cartilage cells are called what?
  9. Know what Osteocytes are
  10. Know what a Chondrocyte is
  11. Know what Osteoblasts are:
  12. Know what lines the respiratory track: i.e. Smooth Muscles, Voluntary Muscles, Skeletal Muscles, Connective Tissue…. etc.
  13. Know the differences between a solid organ and a smooth organ.
  14. Know which PH values are considered Acidic, Basic and neutral. i.e. 5.8,. 7,. 2.3, 8.1
  15. Know what is considered to be the muscle is referred to the “muscle of respiration”:
  16. Know the cartilage which covers the larnx when swallowing is called:
  17. Know the functions of the respiratory system:
  18. Know definition of Ventilation and what is it is regulated by:
  19. Know another name for Hypodermis is:
  20. Know what is made up of oil and makes hair flexible:
  21. Know what unicellular is: i.e. Virus, Parasite, Bacteria, Fungi
  22. Know where marrow is found within:
  23. Know the system responsible for the bodies defense against pathogen and foreign bodies:
  24. Know the different types of white blood cells:
  25. Know which White blood cell is found in most abundance within the body.
  26. Know which White Blood Cells is found in least abundance within the body.
  27. Know the characteristics of capillaries:
  28. Know what tissues make up and are made of: i.e. Muscles, Nerves, Lining of the Bronchiole, Bone Marrow etc.
  29. Know if Bone is a type of: tissue, bone, organ system, specialized cell components, etc.
  30. Know if Blood is a type of: tissue, organ, specialized cell components etc.

Know the function of each of the following systems

  1. Lymphatic System ________________________
  2. Muscular system                ________________________
  3. Cardiovascular/circulatory system
  4. Skeletal System                ________________________
  5. Endocrine System ________________________
  6. Nervous System                ________________________
  7. Respiratory System ________________________
  8. Digestive System                ________________________
  9. Urinary System                ________________________
  10. Respiratory System ________________________



Word Bank-Matching for questions 86-95


  1. Includes skin, hair, and nails. Protects the internal body from external environment.
  2. Movement of and through the body.
  3. Support and protection.
  4. Fast acting control system; provides communication throughout the body.
  5. Slower acting control system. Glands secrete hormones to help maintain homeostasis.
  6. transports blood, which carries oxygen, nutrients, and others substances through the body.
  7. Collects excess body fluid and returns it to the circulatory system after filtering and cleaning it.
  8. Brings oxygen into the body. Gets rid of carbon dioxide.
  9. Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrients into the body.
  10. Cleanses the blood and maintains water balance, producing urine from the waste.


95-100List 5 Diseases and the Organ systems they affect:


 Disease                                                       Description                            Organ system it affects

  1. _________________________    ________________________   ________________________

2, _________________________   _________________________   ________________________

3, _________________________   _________________________   _______________________

4, _________________________   _________________________   ________________________

5, _________________________   _________________________   ________________________

Figure 1 The Cell


label stages of mitosis

Compare and Label

*Be prepared to label and describe a diagram similar or equal to the ones seen above*. Be prepared to discuss the different phases of Mitosis.

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