BIO 230 Final Exam Review

Know the inferior most part of the sternum is the:

2)     Know  the axial skeleton contains:

3)      Know the major function of the intervertebral discs is to:


4)      Know which part of the vertebral column receives the most stress by bearing most of the weight of the body?

5)       Know what the “true wrist” or carpus consists of:

6)      Know what the bending your head back until it hurts is an example of:

7) Know what meoisis is vs mitosis and the number of chromosomes involved.


  1. Know what the simplest chemical level of organization is:


  1. Know what the basic unit of life is known as


10/ Know what the most complex level or chemical organization is the:


  1. Know what it is called when one is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body and along the frontal plan, it is called:
  2. Know what the term ventral pertains to:
  3. Know what is responsible for carrying Carbon Dioxide:
  4. Know what the oxygen-binding protein found in muscle cells is:
  5. Know how Smooth muscle idifferent from striated musclee?
  6. Know about what anaerobic metabolic pathway results in the production of two net ATP per glucose plus two pyruvic acid molecules is:


  1. Know the nervous system and what it purpose:
  2. Know what the period after an initial stimulus when a neuron is not sensitive to another stimulus is the:
  3. Know which part of the neuron that conducts impulses away from its cell body is called a(n):
  4. Know the point at which an impulse from one nerve cell is communicated to another nerve cell is:


  1. Know the different functions of the autonomic nervous system
  2. Know what the collections of nerve cell bodies outside the central nervous system are called:


  1. Know what the term central nervous system refers:
  2. Know the substance that is released at axonal ending to propagate a nervous impulse is called


  1. Know which ion is actively transported through the cell membrane to establish a resting potential
  2. Know the part of the neuron that normally receives stimuli is called
  3. Know what an action potential is and its purpose:
  4. Know what are examples of neurotransmitters?
  5. Know what are sympathetic and parasympathetic are subdivisions of:
  6. Know what the brain stem consists of the:
  7. Know what subarachnoid space lies between what two layers of meninges
  8. Know the vital centers for the control of heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure are located:
  9. Know what the rough, thick, leathery meningeal layer is the:
  10. Know the purpose/functions of the cerebrospinal fluid:
  11. Know the purpose/function of the hypothalamus:
  12. Know what part of the brain is responsible for regulating respirations is:
  13. Know how the Respiratory Center in our brain regulate our respirations as it relate to the gas monitors?
  14. Know if a patient was injured in an accident that completely severed his spinal cord at the different levels what you would or would not expect:
  15. Know what is the mildest consequence of traumatic brain injury?
  16. Know what another name for fat tissue is:
  17. Know the Nerves that carry impulses toward the CNS only are:
  18. Know what another word that is used to describe the body of the nerve cell:
  19. Know what another name for nerve cell is:
  20. Know the nerves that may relate to problems in balance—that which may follow trauma:
  21. Know what prepares the body for the “fight-or-flight” response is the role is:
  22. Know what the “resting and digesting” division of the autonomic nervous system is:
  23. Know what controls of the temperature, endocrine activity, and thirst are functions:
  24. Know what effectors is not directly controlled by the autonomic nervous system


  1. Know what may result in parasympathetic stimulation
  2. Know about the parasympathetic fibers of the ____ nerves innervate smooth muscles of the lens of the eye, the muscles that cause the eye to bulge to accommodate close vision.
  3. Know about sympathetic function and what makes it unique?
  4. Know about that which has the most direct control over autonomic function is exerted by:
  5. Know what the route of major parasympathetic outflow from the head is:
  6. Know parasympathetic functions includes:


  1. Know what a sperm cell usually carries
  2. Know what the cell produced by fertilization is called
  3. Know what hormones are considered part of the female reproductive system
  4. Know what the fertilization of the Ovum results in
  5. Know the layer of the uterine wall that is shed during menstruation is the
  6. Know the external genitalia of the female are collectively called
  7. 61.Know the hormone that works with estrogen to prepare the endometrium for implantation of a fertilized egg is
  8. Knowwhat the average menstrual cycle is
  9. Know what the structure between the uterus and the vagina is the
  10. 64.Know what the hormone that stimulates uterine contractions is
65. .    Know what the names of the cranial nerves


66   Know what is the purpose especially of the Tenth Cranial Nerve is
67 .    Know the region on the brain that is considered to be the vision center of the brain is.
  1. .Know the functions of the Integumentary System are:
    69) .Know what is considered to be the first layer, second and third layers of the skin are: 70) .    Know functions of the layers of the skin are.


71) .    Know the power house of cell is known as the:

: 72) .    Know how many bones are there within the human body::

73) .    Know the other name for sugar.


74) .    Know what the tendency of biological systems to maintain relatively constant conditions in the internal environment of the body is


75) .    Know what sweat is produced by
76) .    Know the function of melanin is


77) .    Know what synthesis of vitamin D begins with a it relates to the activation of a precursor molecule in the skin:

78) .    Know what cyanosis is indicative of:

  1. .Know what “Goosebumps” occur due to:


  1. .Know how sweat is produced:


81) .    Know what the function of melanin is

  1. .Know what hair and nails are modifications of—
  2. .Know muscle fascicle is— a bundle of what:


  1. Know that calcitonin is a hormone of the…what?


85.Know what connects bone to bone and connect muscle to bone:


  1. .Know what iis responsible for the “fight-or-flight” response
  2. .Know what are the functions of muscle tissue


  1. . .Know what is the smallest unit of contraction in muscle fibers is


  1. .Know what the exchange of gases between blood and cells is called
  2. .Know the parts of the respiratory system
  3. The structure which closes off the larynx is the
  4. .Know the order of structures in the respiratory passeways
  5. .Know where the exchange of gases in the respiratory system occurs
  6. .Know what the volume of air that can be exhaled after normal exhalation is called
  7. .Know what the volume of air in a normal breath is called
  8. .Know how gas exchange in the lungs happens
  9. .Know how most of the oxygen in the blood is transported
  10. .Know the primary chemical stimulus for breathing is —the concentration of what
  11. .Know what it is when a woman who has completed one pregnancy with a fetus or fetuses who have reached 20 weeks of gestation is said to be


  1. .Know as it concerns pregnancy, what the earliest biochemical marker is:


101 know the bone structure


  1. .Know which bone protects the brain


  1. .Know…besides the brain, the skull also protects …


  1. .Know the purpose of the rib cage is


  1. .Know what makes bones so strong


  1. .Know what is the difference between cartilage and bone


  1. .Know what the hollow space in the middle of bones is filled with …


  1. .Know what the difference between compact bone and spongy bone is


  1. .Know what is a joint is


  1. .Know what the neutral pH value is
111 .    Know how to identify the cell structure that allows the cell to maintain its shape and allows for cellular movement.
112 .    Know what the function of the plasma membrane?
113 .    Know what term describes how the plasma membrane controls what enters and exits the cell
114 .    Know the main structural molecule of the plasma membrane is:
115 .    Know what the function of the nucleolus is?
116 .    Know the function of DNA.
117 .    Know what organelle that is the site of protein synthesis?
118 .    Know the functions of the different organelles
119 Be able to identify what different organelles look like
120 .    Know what organelle produces ATP
121 .    Know the function of the rough endoplasmic reticulum is. and the function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum is
122 .    Know how sperm cells move—what do they use.
123 .    Know purpose of mitosis:
124 I.    Know if a cell has 46 chromosomes before mitosis, the two new cells will have how many chromosomes.
125 Know where the process of meiosis occurs

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